Projective techniques in psychology

Projective techniques are based on the study of the products of fantasy and imagination, they are able to reveal the inner world of a person. We live in an interesting world where every phenomenon can please and surprise. But each person sees this world in his own way. Someone admires the beauty of nature, someone sees danger everywhere, and someone is indifferent to it. And this behavior directly depends on what a person has inside. If he is happy with life and he does not have particularly serious problems, then he projects this into the outside world. It is projective techniques that can show the psychologist what is going on in a person in his inner world. What techniques can tell about this? Let s find out with you!

Features of projective techniques

  1. Thanks to this tool, a specialist can give a detailed characterization of the personality as a whole, and not of any individual qualities;
  2. Projective techniques demonstrate associative thinking and lived experience of a person;
  3. The client has complete freedom in the process of completing the assignment, which allows him to open up more;
  4. These techniques are very interesting as they have a creative approach;
  5. The results here are not limited to points. The psychologist interprets the data obtained based on his knowledge and experience.

Types of projective techniques

In psychology, the most popular classification of projective techniques developed by Lawrence Frank. It includes the following 8 techniques:

one. Expressive. They involve the study of expressive manifestations of human activity. An example would be drawing tests such as:

“Non-existent animal”;
“Color Test of Relationships”.

2. Impressive. The client is invited to make a choice from cards, pictures of different content. The choice of a person can tell a psychologist about a particular mental state of a person at the time of work. This group of methods includes the “Luscher test”.

3.Constitutive. When a person is offered some vague material, and asked to give it meaning. A striking example is the “Rorschach Test”.

four. Interpretive. When performing these tests, it is required to describe an event, the situation presented in the picture. From this series, experts often use:

“Thematic apperception test”;
“Test of frustration by S. Rosenzweig”;
“Test of the hand of E. Wagner”.

five. Constructive. The subjects are invited to build something meaningful from the decorated parts and comment on the result. The following methods are used here:

“Peace Test M. Lowenfeld”;
“Test Village R. Mukieli”.

6. Cathartic. These tests cause a state of catharsis (comprehension, disclosure) in the client. In the process of work, the patient begins to realize the causes of his problems. After that, it becomes easier for him to solve them. This process is facilitated by J. Moreno s Psychodrama.

7. Refractive. The psychologist in the process of consultation pays attention to reservations, mistakes, misprints of a person. On the basis of which he studies the mental state of the client. The specialist may offer to write an essay, letter, analyze your voice, etc.

eight. Addictive. Addiction in psychology is a person s dependence on some type of behavior or activity. Smoking, alcohol, gambling addiction – all this applies here. When working with dependencies, you can offer the following tests:

J. Rotter and Wilierman, D. Sachs;
“Techniques for Completing Stories” – fairy tales by L. Duss-J. Despert.

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Birmingham Museum Fund on Unsplash

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