In the modern world, people are increasingly experiencing difficulties associated with understanding themselves as individuals, as well as in interacting with others. The best way to understand yourself, to understand the peculiarities of your behavior, to increase self-esteem and improve communication skills is to participate in psychological trainings conducted by psychologist-trainers using a variety of exercises and techniques. Such trainings are suitable for people of all ages: children, adolescents and adults.
Appointment of psychological trainings
The main task that psychological trainings are aimed at is to contribute to the harmonious development of a person s personality, to encourage him to self-knowledge. Psychologists help a person to actualize his mental state, find means of self-expression, and build friendly relations with others.
Correctly selected psychological exercises contribute to the development of certain personal qualities (for example, self-confidence or sociability). At the same time, with the help of psychological exercises, you can overcome or smooth out unwanted character traits: aggressiveness, shyness, impulsivity, etc.
Psychological techniques and exercises are especially effective when working with children and adolescents:
- they help to cope with obsessive fears (so-called phobias);
- relieve the emerging complexes, which could subsequently adversely affect their mental health;
- teach the correct communication techniques;
- develop independence and purposefulness.
Children usually attend psychology trainings with great pleasure, as they take place in the form of exciting games, and psychological exercises are harmoniously inscribed in them. Each lesson is usually dedicated to one useful skill or behavioral model.
Psychological trainings can be held both in a group and individually. What form to choose for a specific person (child or adult) is best suggested by an experienced psychologist-trainer. Psychological training conducted with the group always arouses the interest of the participants. The group form of work is especially useful for training communication skills, ways of solving conflict situations and gaining self-confidence. At the same time, practical psychology considers the positive result of training only in the situation of a person s personal interest in participating in it, as well as in the presence of a desire to change for the better.
Popular types of psychological training
Psychological games and training exercises can be divided into several groups.
- Exercises to improve communication skills
This is one of the most popular types of training. With the help of special exercises, the necessary communication skills are formed:
- the ability to listen to the interlocutor;
- clear formulation and expression of your own thoughts;
- teaching the technique of persuasion and defending one s own point of view;
- understanding of non-verbal signals that the interlocutor sends;
- use of mechanisms of mutual understanding.
- Personal Growth Techniques
Such classes are primarily aimed at gaining self-confidence and self-esteem. Psychological exercises, which are developed for personal growth trainings, form a person s special life position. The client acquires the skills of positive thinking and reflection, learns to identify priority life goals and achieve them.
- Methods and exercises for the development of intelligence
In the process of training, a person develops the basic cognitive processes: thinking, memory, attention, imagination.
- Normalization of the mental state
Special exercises are aimed at relieving psycho-emotional stress, reducing anxiety, fear and feelings of depression. Psychologists will help you cope with stressful situations and talk about ways to self-regulate behavior. In the classroom, breathing exercises are taught, which promote relaxation and relieve tension.
- Preparation for school
Such trainings are especially popular with parents. A large field for work has been prepared for psychologists. First of all, children are taught useful skills and abilities that are necessary for successful adaptation to school. These qualities include: self-regulation of behavior, the ability to perform tasks according to the model, building relationships with teachers and peers.
- Career guidance games and exercises
They are of the greatest relevance for adolescents who are determined with the choice of a future profession. Psychologists help schoolchildren learn as much as possible about the most demanded professions in the labor market, as well as find out their inclinations and preferences.
- Role-playing games
In the process of psychological games, participants play a variety of life situations, trying on certain roles. The deep meaning of such exercises for a person is the ability to look at the same problem from different points of view and expand their behavioral repertoire.
IMPORTANT! Informational article! Before use, you must consult with a specialist.