If you or your loved one has a depressed mood that is stable for two weeks, there are thoughts of suicide, there are difficulties with sleep and appetite – then these are sure signs of a depressive disorder. What should be done in such cases?
Diagnosing and treating depression
First of all, you need to make an appointment with a psychiatrist. He will listen to your complaints, diagnose, analyze your external condition. After these procedures, he will be able to give you an accurate diagnosis and give recommendations for further action.
There are three options for treating depression: psychotherapy, medication, or psychotherapy in conjunction with medication. When depression is moderate to severe, drug therapy is usually prescribed. The psychiatrist selects the necessary drugs for the client, correctly calculates the dosage and frequency of use.
In this case, treatment begins with medication in order to relieve the main symptoms and not force the client to delve deeper into himself. Psychotherapy, of course, is also needed, but at this stage it is more likely to be supportive rather than deep.
If a person has a mild degree of depression, then the specialist begins treatment with psychotherapy. Many professionals use cognitive therapy to combat depression. This therapy is aimed at changing a person s ideas about himself and the world around him. There are times when psychotherapy does not give the desired effect, for example, the client is not ready to work. Then drug treatment is prescribed.
How long should you take antidepressants?
Most often, the doctor prescribes to drink antidepressants for 6 months. Since the effect of these drugs appears after 3 or 4 weeks. It happens that initially a small dose of antidepressants is prescribed to the client, and then the doctor gradually increases it.
Antidepressants can be divided into three groups:
They are prescribed to those who have reduced working capacity, lack of energy, apathy prevails.
They help people who have increased anxiety, a large number of phobias, and disturbed sleep.
These drugs are prescribed for anxiety or inhibited depression.
To prevent the development of depression, you need to do the following:
Healthy sleep, at least 8 hours a day;
Observe proper nutrition, be sure to include fruits and vegetables in the diet;
Plan your day – this will help you avoid surprises and stressful situations;
Take care of your health;
Spend time with family and friends;
Express your emotions;
Go in for sports;
Take time for yourself.
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