Vocational guidance at school

Over the past three years, the topic of vocational guidance for schoolchildren has stepped forward. In some schools, vocational guidance activities, subjects, directions have appeared. Technical schools, colleges and universities also began to pay particular attention to career guidance. Conduct practical seminars, trainings, consultations, Olympiads. How does this happen and for what purpose is it all done? Let s figure it out in detail.


Vocational guidance at school is a complex work that involves identifying individual characteristics, interests of students and subsequent assistance in choosing a future profession.

Vocational guidance work affects all spheres of a student s life: social, psychological, physical, economic, etc. That is why, in the process of career guidance, several specialists work. As a rule, this is done by class teachers, psychologists, social educators.

How did it all start?

Since a sad trend was observed in Russia, almost 73% of graduates of educational institutions did not work in their specialty. The Ministry of Education decided to change this situation in the labor market. As a result, it was proposed to introduce additional vocational guidance classes in schools. And also in some schools, profile directions were introduced (technical, humanitarian, natural science).

Advantages of core areas:

  • In-depth study of those subjects that will be useful to the student in his future profession;

  • the number of hours for the study of specialized subjects is increasing;

  • students are more motivated to study the necessary subjects.

Disadvantages of core areas:

  • Specialized classes are more focused on passing the exam, and not on expanding the view on the subject as a whole;

  • in schools it is not possible to open profile classes, taking into account all the wishes of students, profiles are opened at the request of the majority;

  • for the student, the choice of the profile class can be made by the parents.

What are the methods of career guidance work?

Questioning. Includes various techniques, diagnostics, surveys. It is very important here to select tested, scientific and validated tests. Which give an accurate result and will not confuse the student.

Business games. They allow you to create difficult situations, think about the pros and cons of the profession, see the profession from the practical side, realize your capabilities and abilities in the chosen profession.

Attending Open House Days. Here the student has the opportunity to communicate with students of the profession of interest, the teaching staff, to see the educational institution itself.

Extracurricular activities and circles. They are held both on the basis of the school and in colleges, technical schools and universities. There is a very large selection, the applicant has the right to decide for himself where he will go. In these classes, detailed information about the profession of interest is given, the strengths and weaknesses of the student, his preferences are revealed. Various practical classes are held, with the help of which the student can try himself in practical activities and gain a deeper understanding of the specifics of the profession.


Today, vocational guidance is very popular and is carried out in many educational institutions. The student can independently choose additional classes, attend open days. But, as a rule, group vocational guidance takes place in schools and other educational institutions. And if this format does not suit you, then you can turn either to a school psychologist for personal advice, or to a private one. Then you will be given individual vocational guidance work. Which includes a conversation, questioning, drawing up a curriculum, selection of an educational institution and additional literature. You can find practicing psychologists on our website.

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Andrew Neela on Unsplash

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