Clinical psychology has not yet gained popularity in our country, although many universities train professionals. What this area is, and what a clinical psychologist does, will be discussed in the article.
Clinical psychologist: who is he and in what field does he work?
A clinical psychologist is a specialist who works with patients universally, providing them with a balanced mental state. The list of its functions and tasks is traditionally determined by the needs of a particular clinic, as evidenced by the name of the profession. So who is a clinical psychologist? This is a professional who interacts with clients belonging to three categories.
These are all people who have bodily pathologies. After all, these diseases negatively affect the mental state of a person, contributing to the destruction of the connection between him and the people around him, the outside world. This statement works in the opposite direction: a person’s state of mind affects the state of his body. And if it is not good enough, the course of somatic processes is aggravated.
A clinical psychologist in this case identifies psychological abnormalities and strives to normalize the state of the psyche. He presents the patient with an adequate picture of his perception of the world and sets the vector for self-improvement. He provides clients with moral support in preparing for surgeries and other painful procedures.
Therapy for mental illnesses is not the competence of psychologists, but of other specialists (most often psychiatrists and psychotherapists). Despite this, the skills of clinical psychologists are indispensable in mental hospitals.
In them, specialists diagnose impaired mental functions and carry out various corrective measures. In simple terms, psychiatrists select medications, and clinical experts – psychologists – try to eradicate the problem with unconventional methods.
The ideal mental state of the patient is not an obstacle to his practice in non-medical institutions. In this case, clinical master psychologists work like ordinary specialists – they understand the client’s problems, even if they are not provoked by pathology, and provide assistance and support in solving them.
Based on the information presented above, it can be concluded that a clinical psychologist is a person with a higher education, who has undergone special training. He has the skills to work in the clinic with a variety of patients. The psychologist also interacts with other experts in order to improve the quality of treatment.
What are the features of a specialist’s work?
Clinical psychology is an applied science within the system of all psychological knowledge. Therefore, the specialist who works in it is engaged in practical activities. If he manages to get a narrower specialization, he will be able to write scientific papers related to the development of theoretical foundations.
The peculiarity of clinical psychology is that it is, as it were, a middle link between classical psychology and medicine. In accordance with its provisions, a certain specificity is formed in the entire system of sciences.
First of all, one should be aware of the fact that a specialist is trained in “honey”, but after graduation he does not become a doctor. As a result, he does not receive special permission and has the authority to deal with the selection of medicines for treatment.
His indirect competence is only in the recommendation of taking medications that do not require a doctor’s prescription. If a patient needs pharmaceutical or even surgical intervention, he is redirected to narrow and complex professionals, most often to psychotherapists and psychiatrists.
The essence of the work of a clinical professional psychologist is that he is not involved in the maintenance of medical records. That is, for a patient who comes to the clinic and gets an appointment, the medical card will not start, even if he applies by appointment. It follows from this that the information obtained in the process of psychodiagnostics and therapy remains in the office of a clinical psychologist and does not go beyond its limits.
Some specialists maintain cards to simplify the workflow. This allows you to understand the dynamics of work on a problem and systematize the process. But all information is stored exclusively in the specialist’s personal safe under a strong encryption.
In this case, the passport data of the patients are not indicated. As an exception, only psychologists who are assigned to clinics act. They pass the results to psychiatrists, who attach them to the patients’ medical records.
Clinical science – psychology is a field that is indispensable in the process of finding solutions for expert problems. The fact is that professional medical specialists with psychological education take part in the conduct of psychological and psychiatric examinations, which can be military, judicial.
Clinical psychology – what is it: object and subject of activity
The number of applied problems faced by a psychologist in his practice is quite large. The most common causes are manifestations of a neurotic nature. The fact is that against the background of a personal conflict, a person commits rash acts, which he later regrets. This leads to the appearance of digestive and central nervous system disorders. Along with this, the client suffers from paranoia, panic attacks, and sleep problems.
Another answer is who to work in clinical psychology – a specialist in interaction with children who have some mental characteristics. In this case, the professional contributes to the all-round development of the baby and helps the parents in the selection of the scheme for his upbringing. Psychologists use a similar principle to work with adult clients who have had to deal with brain injuries and changes in consciousness.
Common methods of clinical psychology
Above, it was considered what the profession of a clinical psychologist is – who it is, what he does, what tasks he solves. Now it’s worth figuring out what techniques he uses to work.
- Art therapy. She is represented by sculpting, painting and other creative directions that contribute to the release of experiences. This approach helps the experienced technician identify the cause of the problem and find a solution.
- Hypnosis. Many people believe that this is not a therapy, but a dishonest way of extorting money from the population. In fact, this is a myth. The fact is that in the process of carrying out the technique, a person is half in a state of consciousness and can easily control the course of the process. In this case, clinical psychologists are specialists who are engaged in disclosing the deep prerequisites of experiences and internal conflicts.
- Body-oriented practices. The main idea of these techniques is based on the inextricable relationship between the soul and the human body. This approach helps to eradicate negative patterns of thinking and interaction between the individual and the world that surrounds him.
- Metaphorical approaches. This technique involves the use of abstract images that allow the client to ensure the disclosure of their own feelings and thoughts. The psychologist is working on the nuances and looking for a solution to the problem.
- Group work. Collective practices are often more effective than measures. The best results are achieved through trainings conducted in teams of up to 10 people.
These are far from all the methods used in this direction. The choice of a specific direction is carried out on a personal basis, depending on the characteristics and preferences of the patient.
Thus, the article explored what clinical psychology is and where a clinical psychologist can work. This direction can be both main and auxiliary in the treatment of physical and psychological pathologies. A professional does not engage in drug treatment, because he does not have the relevant competencies.
Important! Informational article! Before use, you must consult with a specialist.